商標登録insideNews: Major Changes To Trademark And Copyright Law Included In Massive Stimulus Package | Fox Rothschild LLP – JDSupra

Signed into law on December 28, the voluminous Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2021 makes major changes to American intellectual property laws via its inclusion of the Trademark Modernization Act of 2020 (TM Act); the Copyright Alternative in Small-Claims Enforcement Act of 2020 (CASE Act); and an amendment to Title 18 of the United States Code that adds Section 2319C titled “Illicit digital transmission services.”

情報源: Major Changes To Trademark And Copyright Law Included In Massive Stimulus Package | Fox Rothschild LLP – JDSupra

H. R. 2426(pdf)

Summary of H.R.2426 CASE ACT
Passed House (10/22/2019)
Copyright Alternative in Small-Claims Enforcement Act of 2019 or the CASE Act of 2019

This bill creates the Copyright Claims Board, a body within the U.S. Copyright Office, to decide copyright disputes. Damages awarded by the board are capped at $30,000.

Participation in board proceedings is voluntary with an opt-out procedure for defendants, and parties may choose instead to have a dispute heard in court. If the parties agree to have their dispute heard by the board, they shall forego the right to be heard before a court and the right to a jury trial. Board proceedings shall have no effect on class actions.

The board shall be authorized to hear copyright infringement claims, actions for a declaration of noninfringement, claims that a party knowingly sent false takedown notices, and related counterclaims.

The bill provides for various procedures, including with respect to requests for information from the other party and requests for the board to reconsider a decision.

The board may issue monetary awards based on actual or statutory damages.

The parties shall bear their own attorneys’ fees and costs except where there is bad faith misconduct.

A board’s final determination precludes relitigating the claims in court or at the board. Parties may challenge a board decision in federal district court only if (1) the decision was a result of fraud, corruption, or other misconduct; (2) the board exceeded its authority or failed to render a final determination; or (3) in a default ruling or failure to prosecute, the default or failure was excusable.

商標登録insideNews: Trademark Modernization Act of 2020 | Lathrop GPM – JDSupra

商標登録insideNews: Trademark Modernization Act of 2020 | Lathrop GPM – JDSupra

Congress has just passed the bi-partisan Trademark Modernization Act of 2020 (TMA), which amends the Trademark Act to provide new procedures for third-party submission of evidence relating to trademark applications, to establish ex parte proceedings for reexamination and expungement of outstanding trademark registrations, and to provide for a rebuttable presumption of irreparable harm in trademark infringement proceedings.

情報源: Trademark Modernization Act of 2020 | Lathrop GPM – JDSupra

On December 22, 2020, Congress passed the content of a pending bill, H.R. 6196, the “Trademark Modernization Act of 2020,” as part of its year-end virus relief and spending package. Among other things, the Act seeks to create more efficient processes to challenge registrations that are not being used in commerce, including by establishing new ex parte proceedings. The Act also seeks to unify the standard for irreparable harm with respect to injunctions in trademark cases, in light of inconsistencies that have emerged across federal courts after the Supreme Court’s decision in eBay v. MercExchange, LLC, 547 U.S. 388 (2006).

情報源: Gibson Dunn

H.R.6196 — 116th Congress (2019-2020)
商標近代化法(TMA)は商標出願に関連する証拠を第三者が提出するための新しい手順を提供し、未処理の商標の再審査と抹消のための査定系手続きを確立します。米国商標制度における言わば情報提供制度のように思われます。

On December 27, 2020, the Trademark Modernization Act of 2020 (“TMA”) became law after it passed Congress and was signed by the President as part of the year-end Consolidated Appropriations Act for 2021.1 The TMA, which will become effective one year after its signature into law, introduces significant amendments to the Lanham Act2 designed to modernize trademark examination procedures and combat the increasing numbers of trademark registrations covering marks not used in commerce.

情報源: Trademark Modernization Act Becomes Law: Establishes New Procedures to Remove Deadwood Registrations, Restores Presumption of Irreparable Harm, and Protects the Independence of the Trademark Trial and Appeal Board | Kilpatrick Townsend & Stockton LLP – JDSupra

Summary of H.R.6196
This bill makes several changes to trademark law, such as by providing new mechanisms for opposing and canceling trademark registrations at the Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) and by making it easier to secure an injunction.

The bill authorizes a third party to submit evidence to the PTO to oppose an application for a federal trademark registration.

The bill establishes a procedure for any party to petition the PTO to expunge a registration for a trademark that has not been used in commerce. The bill also establishes a procedure for any party to petition the PTO to reexamine any trademark registration on such nonuse grounds.

The PTO may also initiate such an expungement or reexamination proceeding.

If a plaintiff has prevailed in court in asserting certain trademark rights, that plaintiff shall be entitled to a presumption that the plaintiff will suffer irreparable harm for purposes of determining whether the plaintiff is entitled to a permanent injunction. If a trademark plaintiff is seeking a preliminary injunction, that plaintiff is entitled to this presumption upon a court finding that the plaintiff is likely to succeed on the merits of the case. Under current law, a plaintiff must establish irreparable harm to secure an injunction.

In addition, the PTO Director shall have the authority to reconsider, modify, or set aside certain decisions made by the Trademark Trial and Appeal Board.

The Government Accountability Office shall report to Congress on PTO efforts to address false and inaccurate claims in trademark registrations and applications.

商標登録insideNews: Trademark Fraud Is In Congress’s Crosshairs In Proposed Legislation | Fox Rothschild LLP – JDSupra

If enacted, the aptly named Trademark Modernization Act of 2020 will better protect the relevant consuming public from confusion regarding the source of goods and services by implementing procedures that the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office – and trademark owners and applicants – can use to combat fraudulent trademark filings more expeditiously and less expensively.

情報源: Trademark Fraud Is In Congress’s Crosshairs In Proposed Legislation | Fox Rothschild LLP – JDSupra

商標法近代化法案「Trademark Modernization Act of 2020」が上程される商標法近代化法案「Trademark Modernization Act of 2020」が上程される JETRO

Trademark Modernization Act of 2020 SECTION-BY-SECTIONTrademark Modernization Act of 2020 SECTION-BY-SECTION

法第4条の改正では、現行6か月の拒絶理由応答期間が定められていますが、審査官の裁量で60日から6か月の柔軟な期間に変更が予定されています。また、審査段階での第三者による情報提供手続、商標登録を取消すための査定系手続の導入(不使用による査定系取消手続(Ex parte expungement)と査定系再審査手続(Ex parte reexamination))、差止請求権の強化が図られています。