商標insideNews: SHOP SAFE Act Reintroduction Welcomed by Apparel and Footwear Industry | aafaglobal.org

The American Apparel & Footwear Association welcomed the reintroduction of the SHOP SAFE Act today. The bipartisan bill establishes trademark liability for online marketplace platforms when a third-party sells a counterfeit that poses a risk to consumer health or safety (and when that platform does not follow certain best practices).

情報源: SHOP SAFE Act Reintroduction Welcomed by Apparel and Footwear Industry

米国 SHOP SAFE Act 法案は議会通過前の状態ですが、商標法(ラナム法)の改正(Section 32 に追加条文)を予定しています。法案では、第三者が消費者の健康や安全にリスクをもたらす偽造品を販売した場合(およびそのプラットフォームが特定の実務手法に従わない場合)、E-Commerceプラットフォームの商標上の責任を確立します。また、E-Commerceプラットフォームのにインセンティブを与えて、正当性を確保するための売り手の審査、偽造品のリストの削除、偽造品を繰り返し販売する売り手の削除などの実務手法を確立することも目的としています。

shop safe

電子商取引プラットフォームにおける模倣品対策法案の上程 JETRO

H.R. 6058 (116th): SHOP SAFE Act of 2020 w/ machine translation by DeepL
A BILL

To amend the Trademark Act of 1946 to provide for contributory liability for certain electronic commerce platforms for use of a counterfeit mark by a third party on such platforms, and for other purposes.

1.Short title
This Act may be cited as the Stopping Harmful Offers on Platforms by Screening Against Fakes in E-commerce Act of 2020 or the SHOP SAFE Act of 2020.

2.Contributory liability for electronic commerce platforms
Section 32 of the Act entitled An Act to provide for the registration and protection of trademarks used in commerce, to carry out the provisions of certain international conventions, and for other purposes, approved July 5, 1946 (commonly known as the Trademark Act of 1946) (15 U.S.C. 1114), is amended by inserting at the end the following:

(4)

(A)An electronic commerce platform shall be contributorily liable for infringement by a third-party seller participating on the platform for use in commerce of a counterfeit mark in connection with the sale, offering for sale, distribution, or advertising of goods that implicate health and safety, unless the following requirements are met:
(i)The third-party seller is available for service of process in the United States.
(ii)Before any alleged infringing act by the third-party seller, the platform demonstrates that the platform took each of the following reasonable steps to prevent such use on the platform:
(I)Verified through governmental identification and other reliable documentation the identity, principal place of business, and contact information of the third-party seller.
(II)Required the third-party seller to verify and attest to the authenticity of goods on or in connection with which a registered mark is used.
(III)Imposed on the third-party seller as a condition of participating on the platform contractual requirements that—
(aa)the third-party seller agrees not to use a counterfeit mark in connection with the sale, offering for sale, distribution, or advertising of goods on the platform; and
(bb)the third-party seller consents to the jurisdiction of United States courts with respect to claims related to the third-party seller’s participation on the platform.
(IV)Displayed conspicuously on the platform the verified principal place of business, contact information, and identity of the third-party seller, the country of origin and manufacture of the goods, and the location from which the goods will be shipped.
(V)Required each third-party seller to use images that the seller owns or has permission to use and that accurately depict the actual goods offered for sale on the platform.
(VI)Implemented at no cost to the registrant proactive technological measures for screening goods before displaying the goods to the public to prevent any third-party seller’s use of a counterfeit mark in connection with the sale, offering for sale, distribution, or advertising of goods on the platform.
(VII)Implemented at no cost to the registrant a program to expeditiously disable or remove from the platform a listing by any third-party seller that reasonably could be determined to have used a counterfeit mark in connection with the sale, offering for sale, distribution, or advertising of goods.
(VIII)Terminated use of the platform by any third-party seller that has engaged in more than three instances of use of a counterfeit mark in connection with the sale, offering for sale, distribution, or advertising of goods on the platform.
(IX)Implemented at no cost to the registrant technological measures for screening third-party sellers to ensure that sellers who have been terminated do not rejoin or remain on the platform under a different seller identity or alias.
(X)Provided the information verified under clause (I) of each third-party seller that used a counterfeit mark in connection with the sale, offering for sale, distribution, or advertising of goods on the platform to relevant law enforcement and, upon request, the registrant.
(B)In this paragraph:
(i)The term counterfeit mark has the meaning given that term in section 34(d)(1)(B).
(ii)The term electronic commerce platform means any electronically accessed platform that includes publicly interactive features that allow for arranging the sale, purchase, payment, or shipping of goods, or that enables a person other than an operator of such platform to sell or offer to sell physical goods to consumers located in the United States.
(iii)The term goods that implicate health and safety means goods the use of which can lead to illness, disease, injury, serious adverse event, allergic reaction, or death if produced without compliance with all applicable Federal, State, and local health and safety regulations and industry-designated testing, safety, quality, certification, manufacturing, packaging, and labeling standards.
(iv)The term third-party seller means a person other than the electronic commerce platform who uses the platform to arrange for the sale, purchase, payment, or shipping of goods.
(C)Nothing in this paragraph may be construed to limit liability for direct infringement.
A)電子商取引プラットフォームは、以下の要件を満たさない限り、健康と安全を示唆する商品の販売、販売の申し出、配布、または広告に関連して、商取引での使用のためにプラットフォームに参加している第三者販売者による偽造標章の侵害に対して、寄与的責任を負うものとします。
(i)第三者である販売者が、米国内で訴状の送達を受けることができること。
(ii)第三者販売者による侵害行為の申し立ての前に、プラットフォームは、プラットフォーム上での当該使用を防止するために、以下の各合理的な手段を講じたことを証明する。
(I)第三者販売者の身元、主たる事業所、および連絡先を、政府機関の証明書やその他の信頼できる文書によって確認する。
第三者の販売者に対し、登録商標が使用されている商品の真正性を確認・証明することを求めた。
第三者販売事業者が本プラットフォームに参加する条件として、以下の契約上の要件を課すこと。
(aa)第三者販売者は、プラットフォーム上での商品の販売、販売の申し出、配布、または広告に関連して偽造標章を使用しないことに同意する。
(bb)第三者販売者は、第三者販売者のプラットフォームへの参加に関連する請求に関して、米国の裁判所の管轄権に同意する。
(IV)確認された主たる事業所、連絡先、第三者販売者の身元、商品の原産国と製造国、商品の発送先をプラットフォーム上に目立つように表示する。
(V)販売者が所有または使用を許可された画像で、プラットフォーム上で販売されている実際の商品を正確に描写したものを使用することを要求する。
(VI)プラットフォーム上での商品の販売、販売の申し出、流通、広告に関連して、第三者販売者が偽造標章を使用することを防止するために、商品を公衆に表示する前に商品をスクリーニングするための積極的な技術的手段を、登録者に費用をかけずに導入しました。
(VII)商品の販売、販売のための申し出、流通、または広告に関連して偽造標章を使用したと合理的に判断される第三者販売者によるリストを迅速に無効化またはプラットフォームから削除するプログラムを登録者に無償で実施した。
プラットフォーム上での商品の販売、販売のための申し出、流通、広告に関連して、偽造標章の使用を3回以上行った第三者の販売者によるプラットフォームの使用を中止した。
(IX)解除された販売者が別の販売者のIDや別名で再びプラットフォームに参加したり、残ったりしないように、第三者の販売者をスクリーニングするための技術的手段を、登録者の費用負担なしで導入した。
(X)プラットフォーム上での商品の販売、販売の申し出、配布、または広告に関連して偽造標章を使用した各第三者販売者の(I)項に基づいて検証された情報を、関連する法執行機関、および要求に応じて登録者に提供した。
(B)本項において
(i)偽造標章という用語は、第34条(d)(1)(B)で与えられた意味を持ちます。
電子商取引プラットフォームとは、商品の販売、購入、支払い、発送の手配を可能にする公的な対話機能を含む、電子的にアクセスされるプラットフォーム、または当該プラットフォームの運営者以外の者が米国内の消費者に物理的な商品を販売する、もしくは販売を申し出ることを可能にするプラットフォームを意味します。
(iii)安全衛生に関わる商品とは、適用されるすべての連邦、州、および地域の安全衛生規制、および業界が指定する試験、安全性、品質、認証、製造、包装、および表示基準を遵守せずに製造された場合、その使用が病気、疾病、傷害、重大な有害事象、アレルギー反応、または死亡につながる可能性がある商品を意味します。
(iv)第三者販売者とは、電子商取引プラットフォームを利用して商品の販売、購入、支払い、発送を手配する、電子商取引プラットフォーム以外の者をいいます。
(C)本項のいかなる規定も、直接侵害に対する責任を制限するものと解釈してはなりません。

商標登録insideNews: Trademark Cost 2021: Federal And State Registration Fees | Forbes Advisor

Trademarks are one of the major underpinnings of entrepreneurship. Without these legal protections, entrepreneurs wouldn’t be able to distinguish their brand from others or prevent others from infringing on its usage. We would live in a world of copycats, and consumers would be playing a game of cha

情報源: Trademark Cost 2021: Federal And State Registration Fees – Forbes Advisor

invoice

尚、記事は米国内の人や企業を対象としています。米国から見ての外国人や外国企業(日本企業を含む)は、米国の弁護士を出願やその他の手続に際して雇う必要があります。

商標登録insideNews: Restaurant Industry Insight–The Evolving Trademark Portfolios of Restaurants | Lexology

As restaurants have changed or grown their goods and services since early 2020, their trademark portfolios have also expanded into new trademark registration classes.When inside dining closed across the United States, the existing trend towards food delivery accelerated. While an already high 58% of adults said that they ordered takeout or delivery for dinner during the last week of February 2020, a remarkable 66% of adults said that they ordered takeout or delivery for dinner in a given week in November 2020, with takeout or delivery lunch up from 37% to 47%.

情報源: Restaurant Industry Insight–The Evolving Trademark Portfolios of Restaurants – Lexology

dining-at-restaurant

商標登録insideNews: Alibaba Opposes Muhammad Ali Enterprises Trademark Registration | lawstreetmedia.com

In a 419-page filing submitted to the Trademark Trial and Appeal Board (TTAB), Alibaba Group Holding Limited has opposed the registration of the “ALI,” mark by Muhammad Ali Enterprises LLC (MAE). The opposition explains that MAE’s proposed mark will confuse consumers because they will mistakenly identify it with the Chinese e-commerce giant.

情報源: Alibaba Opposes Muhammad Ali Enterprises Trademark Registration – Tech

Alibaba Group Holding Limited v Muhammad Ali Enterprises LLC, Case No. 91269471

ser. 90203382

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商標登録insideNews: United States Trademark Use: ABCD Test | natlawreview.com

As North America brings its intellectual property laws in line with the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA), the way trademarks are handled in Mexico and Canada has recently changed. While Mexico now requires a business to use its mark to obtain a Mexican trademark registration, Canada no longer requires the use of a mark in order to obtain a Canadian trademark registration.

情報源: United States Trademark Use: ABCD Test

米国特許商標庁 (USPTO) 商標_動画 (embedded) vol.20

Trademark specimens for experienced filers, 1:31:53

Trademark specimens for experienced filers

What is discussed in the movie:

  • Recent changes to requirements for specimens of use
  • Common issues with specimens
  • What USPTO trademark examining attorneys look for when reviewing specimens

商標登録insideNews: Wine and Spirit Companies Trademark Alert: Check your Trademarks to Ensure they are not “Deceptive” | Hodgson Russ LLP – JDSupra

The United States Patent and Trademark Office Trademark Trial and Appeal Board (the “TTAB”) recently published a precedential decision regarding the treatment of trademarks for wine and spirits and their potential for being “deceptively misdescriptive” pursuant to Section 2(a) of the Lanham Act, 15 U.S.C. § 1052(a). Section 2(a) has three provisions, all of which are relevant to the alcoholic beverage industry. In this new precedential decision, the TTAB held that “[t]erms that are not specifically place names, but which may have ‘geographical association,’ may provide bases for claims under the general deceptiveness provision of Section 2(a).”

情報源: Wine and Spirit Companies Trademark Alert: Check your Trademarks to Ensure they are not “Deceptive” | Hodgson Russ LLP – JDSupra

米国入国税関取締局(ICE) vol.5 商標_動画

NFLの第55回スーパーボウルは、2021年2月7日にフロリダ州のタンパベイで行われ、ペイトリオッツから移籍したバッカニアーズのトムブレィディQBらの活躍で、マホームQBを中心とするチーフスに対して快勝(31-9)しています。バッカニアーズのディフェンスがチーフスのオフェンスラインを圧倒した面がありました。その裏方としてICE/HSI(Homeland Security Investigation)のOperationがあります。
続きを読む“米国入国税関取締局(ICE) vol.5 商標_動画”

商標登録insideNews: Trademarks in the 2020 IP Law Year in Review | www.natlawreview.com

2020 was a year like no other, so you’d be forgiven if the year’s biggest headlines in trademark law didn’t quite catch your attention. In 2020, the US Supreme Court shaped trademark jurisprudence through a trio of notable decisions. A pandemic and shelter-in-place orders pushed more consumers to virtual marketplaces, forcing brand owners, and the courts, to take a renewed look at counterfeiting and online enforcement.

情報源: Trademarks in the 2020 IP Law Year in Review

2020
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