Extraterritorial TM Disputes
The American Bar Association (ABA) filed an amicus brief on February 3 with the U.S. Supreme Court asking the Court to clarify issues related to the application of the Lanham Act to trademark disputes that cross international borders.
Abitron Austria GmbH v. Hetronic International, Inc.
U.S. Supreme Court
Amicus Brief filed by American Bar Association (ABA)
The Vanity Fair test, derived from Vanity Fair Mills, Inc. v. T. Eaton Co., 234 F.2d 633 (2d Cir. 1956), considers three factors: (1) whether the defendant is a United States citizen; (2) whether there was a conflict with trademark rights established under the relevant law of the foreign jurisdiction; and (3) whether the defendant’s conduct has a “substantial effect on United States commerce.” Vanity Fair, 234 F.2d at 642. （Extraterritorial TM Disputes）
外国人はVanity Fair testの最初のテスト、United States citizenに該当しないため、Vanity Fair testを採用する裁判管轄であっても問題は生じないことになりそうです。