商標登録insideNews: Trademark Modernization Act of 2020 | Lathrop GPM – JDSupra

Congress has just passed the bi-partisan Trademark Modernization Act of 2020 (TMA), which amends the Trademark Act to provide new procedures for third-party submission of evidence relating to trademark applications, to establish ex parte proceedings for reexamination and expungement of outstanding trademark registrations, and to provide for a rebuttable presumption of irreparable harm in trademark infringement proceedings.

情報源: Trademark Modernization Act of 2020 | Lathrop GPM – JDSupra

On December 22, 2020, Congress passed the content of a pending bill, H.R. 6196, the “Trademark Modernization Act of 2020,” as part of its year-end virus relief and spending package. Among other things, the Act seeks to create more efficient processes to challenge registrations that are not being used in commerce, including by establishing new ex parte proceedings. The Act also seeks to unify the standard for irreparable harm with respect to injunctions in trademark cases, in light of inconsistencies that have emerged across federal courts after the Supreme Court’s decision in eBay v. MercExchange, LLC, 547 U.S. 388 (2006).

情報源: Gibson Dunn

H.R.6196 — 116th Congress (2019-2020)
商標近代化法(TMA)は商標出願に関連する証拠を第三者が提出するための新しい手順を提供し、未処理の商標の再審査と抹消のための査定系手続きを確立します。米国商標制度における言わば情報提供制度のように思われます。

On December 27, 2020, the Trademark Modernization Act of 2020 (“TMA”) became law after it passed Congress and was signed by the President as part of the year-end Consolidated Appropriations Act for 2021.1 The TMA, which will become effective one year after its signature into law, introduces significant amendments to the Lanham Act2 designed to modernize trademark examination procedures and combat the increasing numbers of trademark registrations covering marks not used in commerce.

情報源: Trademark Modernization Act Becomes Law: Establishes New Procedures to Remove Deadwood Registrations, Restores Presumption of Irreparable Harm, and Protects the Independence of the Trademark Trial and Appeal Board | Kilpatrick Townsend & Stockton LLP – JDSupra

Summary of H.R.6196
This bill makes several changes to trademark law, such as by providing new mechanisms for opposing and canceling trademark registrations at the Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) and by making it easier to secure an injunction.

The bill authorizes a third party to submit evidence to the PTO to oppose an application for a federal trademark registration.

The bill establishes a procedure for any party to petition the PTO to expunge a registration for a trademark that has not been used in commerce. The bill also establishes a procedure for any party to petition the PTO to reexamine any trademark registration on such nonuse grounds.

The PTO may also initiate such an expungement or reexamination proceeding.

If a plaintiff has prevailed in court in asserting certain trademark rights, that plaintiff shall be entitled to a presumption that the plaintiff will suffer irreparable harm for purposes of determining whether the plaintiff is entitled to a permanent injunction. If a trademark plaintiff is seeking a preliminary injunction, that plaintiff is entitled to this presumption upon a court finding that the plaintiff is likely to succeed on the merits of the case. Under current law, a plaintiff must establish irreparable harm to secure an injunction.

In addition, the PTO Director shall have the authority to reconsider, modify, or set aside certain decisions made by the Trademark Trial and Appeal Board.

The Government Accountability Office shall report to Congress on PTO efforts to address false and inaccurate claims in trademark registrations and applications.

商標登録insideNews: 特許出願等統計速報 令和2年10月分(令和2年12月22日作成)| 特許庁

令和2年最後の出願等統計速報を見てみますと、令和2年1月から令和2年10月までの累計でコロナ禍の影響からか特許・実用新案は5.6%の出願減、意匠は1.3%増加の横ばい、商標は3.9%の減少となっています。データは1-10月の累計ですので、年間トータルでは、およそ1.2倍にすればというところです。経済動向などが不透明で先々の予測が困難であったり、特許出願であれば発明内容についての打ち合わせが効率面からも必要であったりもしますが、コロナ禍の影響でそういった面談形式での打ち合わせを進められない状況なども影響しているのではと思います。

四法R2.1-R2.10 出願数
(増減%)
特許・実用新案(合計)244,976(▲5.6%)
意匠26,365(1.3%)
商標151,361 (▲3.9%)